(PLO)- People and businesses expect this resolution to be passed soon to come to life, creating real new impulses for the development of Ho Chi Minh City.
The Government has submitted to the National Assembly (National Assembly) four groups of mechanisms and policies specific to the development of Ho Chi Minh City. According to Chairman of the City People’s Committee Phan Van Mai, this resolution is expected to create a breakthrough. superior for megacities of more than tens of millions of people. While the National Assembly deputies are still considering and discussing, the people are very much looking forward to this resolution.
Resolution 54 of the National Assembly in 2017 opens up “specific” mechanisms for the development of Ho Chi Minh City. As a summary of the results from the city government, it can be seen that the Government’s approach when “giving the green light” to specific mechanisms and policies for the city is absolutely correct, bringing about certain results. Typically, the implementation progress of Group A projects is faster than having to submit to central agencies for appraisal. The city is also allowed to actively mobilize resources (such as issuing bonds, borrowing money from other sources) to serve social projects, traffic, urban areas, etc.
However, Resolution 54 also shows many limitations that the city government has to face. Typically, the mechanisms to adjust revenue policies, implement equitization, collect revenue from housing arrangement by central agencies, etc., are not satisfactory. The goal of mobilizing additional resources of VND 40,000-50,000 billion/year to invest in the development of Ho Chi Minh City has not yet been achieved. Attracting experts, scientists and people with special talents has not worked…
One limitation that both the city government and economic experts often point out is that despite having a specific mechanism, the fact that the city government has to consult and guide from the central government is still a lot in the process. implementation of mechanisms and policies. Only in 2022, Ho Chi Minh City sent 584 documents asking for opinions from the Ministry of Planning and Investment, ie more than one document per day on average. In which, leaders of the city clearly analyzed that there were practical problems arising, the provisions of the law were not available; there are regulations but there are differences between this law and that law; There are regulations, but the interpretation is still different and many issues are not sure of the enforcer. Thereby, it shows that the formulation and implementation of the resolution still has a “skewed” level, requiring a high degree of unity from the central to local levels.
In that context, the breakthrough and outstanding resolution for Ho Chi Minh City is expected to draw lessons and experiences from the practical application of Resolution 54 2017. Typically, in four groups of mechanisms, The policies proposed by the City have a group that inherits from Resolution 54. The city also actively proposes mechanisms and policies specified in specific resolutions of other provinces, cities, or groups of mechanisms in other provinces and cities. The draft law is being submitted to the National Assembly. The resolution also mentions new and breakthrough mechanisms and policies with spillover effects.
Over the past time, from the Ho Chi Minh City government to the Government, the National Assembly and the Politburo, all have shown great determination in completing the resolution to create breakthroughs and superiority for the city. But the biggest thing that leaders from the city to the central government also need to think about is the expectations from people and businesses.
From thousands of households struggling to “live together” with heavily polluted Xuyen Tam canal for decades to millions of people suffering from traffic jams and flooding due to overloaded urban infrastructure; from thousands of billion dong traffic and urban projects to “cover mats” due to mechanisms and policies to the inability of local authorities to upgrade roads and bridges due to lack of resources, slow disbursement ; from the hundred-year-old monuments that are seriously degraded waiting to be restored to the expectation of worthy investment stadiums, gymnasiums and entertainment areas; From fledgling start-up businesses to domestic and foreign “unicorn” businesses wishing and planning to invest in Ho Chi Minh City… All of that is expected in the breakthrough resolution of Ho Chi Minh City for the first time. This.
People and businesses also expect that the process of formulating this resolution will go hand in hand with quickly developing guiding documents to bridge the “gap” between law-making and implementation. The resolution quickly came to life, bringing into full play “capacity”, creating new real impulses for the development of Ho Chi Minh City – a city that is always with the country and for the whole country.