The management method that led to the collapse of the public school battle
Parents of 939 children who participated in the lottery to find a place to enter Hoang Liet Kindergarten (Hanoi) must have had days of anxiety, moments of heart-pounding luck. Despite the school’s best efforts, only 459 children were accepted into the school.
With a ward with a population of more than 120,000 people, it is impossible to guarantee all children who aspire to go to public school. More than 80 apartments are “stuffed” into the area of a ward with only 4.85 km2the rapid urbanization process has taken away the opportunity to perfect infrastructure compatible with population growth.
Parents must make a lucky visit for their children to have a place to attend preschool in Hanoi
The planning is broken, beautiful land is prioritized for houses to be sold for money, schools are pushed into the planning area in the cemetery area, it is difficult to deploy and even impossible to deploy. Not to mention, no investor is interested in building utility infrastructure, but only aims to build houses to sell for money. That way of management leads to the collapse of the public school battle, which is inevitable.
The fault does not belong to the education sector, when this school year the number of teachers is too short. It was only a few years ago that the preschool level was allowed to bring back the number of teachers back to public employees. In the context of downsizing by 10%, the increase in the number of teachers assigned to them cannot make up for the decrease. The rate of mobilization of children to school is low because the number of classrooms is limited.
The policy that many localities encourage public schools to hire teachers to expand their scale is not feasible because tuition fees and teacher management mechanisms are too difficult to mix in payroll and contracts in the same school campus. Therefore, many schools choose a safe solution as a priority for 5-year-old children to meet standards. Younger children, especially 2-3 years old, are mostly left to their families or small private groups of children.
The weakest link of education
For families with conditions, it is natural to choose a quality school for their children right from preschool. But for low-income people, the public school lottery is a happy escape. Children can go to public schools with larger campus, secure learning environment with low cost.
Meanwhile, in small groups of children, the management is difficult, the teachers are not up to the standards, the rooms are small and secretive. Not to mention the situation of child abuse, teachers with no experience and skills, the fluctuation of personnel because they can “jump” easily also contain great risks.
Ho Chi Minh City has 3 residential wards of over 100,000 people, most of which has increased dramatically due to workers from other provinces and cities looking to work in industrial parks in the area. The land is tight, the people are crowded, and the public preschool cannot be a guarantee for young families coming from far away to set up a business.
Even if the budget can be arranged, the difficulty of land fund and staffing is enough to hold back the most dynamic city in the country in its determination to mobilize children to public kindergartens. Meanwhile, many private centers that want to go to school because they have enough human and financial resources are facing difficulties because they have to change the use purpose from residential land to school land. No one is foolish enough to work paradoxically because residential land is much more valuable than school land.
There are places in public schools that have plenty of space, but parents are not interested because the hours are not flexible, the school building site is located in the middle of an industrial park but far from residential areas, it is not convenient for workers to send their children overtime due to work schedules. must follow the work progress.
Not to mention the salary of preschool teachers is too low, the pressure of preparing lectures and making teaching aids makes the actual working hours a lot. While the children of workers are entitled to a support policy of 160,000 VND/month according to the support policy of the State, the children of teachers themselves are not entitled to this favor. Those reasons have motivated many teachers who love children to leave and find another way!
A new school year has begun again. Preschool level with children coming to class for the first time, excited and anxious parents handing their children over to teachers with the hope of a good future.
Worrying about lucky draws, lack of facilities, teachers and even the psychology of ignoring this level of education make preschool education forever the weakest link of education?
It will not be possible to have a satisfactory answer if this is considered a “private matter” of the education industry, leaving child rearing in the problems of the long-standing mechanism!