Service Fire in old apartment building (NCCC) B9 Kim Lien, Dong Da District, Hanoi at dawn on April 21, causing a family of 5 dead, 2 injured as one more warning about unsafe in NCCC, while the NCCC rehabilitation mechanism has not shown real effectiveness.
The problem of renovating NCCC has been raised by the state for more than 20 years. There are more than 2,500 NCCCs nationwide, but only 20 have been rehabilitated. The difference between these two figures has partly revealed the weakness of the NCCC reform mechanism and the capacity of the government.
Notably, most of the successful reconstruction projects are located in a prime location, easy to harmonize the interests of three parties: the state – the people – the business. The remaining thousands of residents are still waiting for the reconstruction mechanism, which means that hundreds of thousands of people living in collective apartments still face the risk of unsafety.
The paradox is that, while according to the general trend, housing standards are being set more and more advanced, the level of safety requirements is also stricter, among civilized and modern cities still There are hundreds of thousands of NCCC apartments.
The capital Hanoi has the most NCCCs in the country with 1,579 houses, of which many are rated at C (dangerous), D (especially dangerous – can collapse at any time)… HCMC There are nearly 500 NCCC also exist many dangerous houses, especially dangerous. Cities: Da Nang, Hai Phong, Nam Dinh… have thousands of degraded NCCC apartments, even dilapidated, unsafe in structure as well as fire prevention, causing loss of urban beauty.
In October 2015, Decree 101/2015/ND-CP on renovation and reconstruction of NCCC was issued to promote the reconstruction of group houses built in the second half of the last century. But, more than five years later, the NCCC reconstruction is still at an impasse. The policy to rehabilitate the NCCC proved powerless and failed, requiring a new mechanism. The reasons for the renovation of the NCCC were pointed out as inadequate support for relocation compensation, lack of resources, planning, etc.
In short, the NCCC reconstruction work after many years is still struggling, lacking effective solutions.
In mid-July 2021, Decree 69/2021/ND-CP on NCCC renovation and rebuilding was issued to replace Decree 101. This is like an admission of failure of the NCCC renovation policy made earlier.
During the Decree 69 training conference in Hanoi, Mr. Nguyen Manh Khoi, Deputy Director of the Department of Housing and Real Estate Market Management, Ministry of Construction, said that the most difficult problem in NCCC reconstruction is identification. coefficient of compensation, support relocation and site clearance; regulations on which NCCCs are subject to demolition for rebuilding; Choose an investor…
Thus, after many years, despite promulgating a new mechanism, many old difficulties, in which the core issue is support for compensation for relocation, is still uncertain, difficult to be resolved.
After Decree 69 was issued, in early 2022, Ho Chi Minh City set a target to start construction of 14 new D-grade NCCCs in Districts 1, 4, 6 and Tan Binh. Meanwhile, Hanoi has also issued a project to renovate and rebuild NCCCs in the area.
Accordingly, in the period from 2021 to 2025, 10 NCCCs will be selected for renovation, including: Kim Lien, Trung Tu, Khuong Thuong, Thanh Xuan Bac, Thanh Xuan Nam, Nghia Tan; and 4 zones with D-class dangerous houses such as: Giang Vo, Thanh Cong, Ngoc Khanh, Ministry of Justice (Cong Vi Ward, Ba Dinh District).
So, the authorities once again showed their determination to rebuild the NCCC, and the people once again hoped and waited.