(PLO)- Opinions suggest that Ho Chi Minh City should invest in appropriate means of garbage collection, accelerate projects of incineration to generate electricity, develop a large-scale recycling and reuse network…
For effective waste separation at source, the city needs to have specific legal guidance documents; invest in appropriate means of garbage collection; accelerate the implementation of projects of burning waste to generate electricity…
Need instructions soon
Regarding waste separation at source in Ho Chi Minh City, according to Decision 09/2021 of the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City (Decision 09), the city separates waste into two groups: Reusable and recyclable waste group. and the remaining waste group.
Meanwhile, in Clause 1, Article 75 of the Law on Environmental Protection (Environmental Protection) 2020 stipulates that daily-life solid waste generated from households and individuals is classified into the following three categories: Solid waste capable of being reused , Recycling; food waste; other domestic solid waste.
Mr. Nguyen Thanh Nguyen, Deputy Head of the Department of Natural Resources and Environment in District 1, said: It is necessary to strengthen the propaganda image work. Audio-visual techniques that need to be applied such as using social networking sites are also an effective way of propaganda. In particular, it is necessary to pay attention to propaganda for the student force, this is the future force that will carry out the inheritance.
According to Mr. Le Minh Hieu, Deputy Head of the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Binh Tan District: After Ho Chi Minh City issued Decision 09, the district made propaganda to people on how to classify garbage. By the end of 2021, the district has 74/130 neighborhoods that perform well at separating waste at source.
“In order to be more effective in sorting waste at source, we hope that the Department of Natural Resources and Environment and the City People’s Committee will soon have more specific instructions on the classification of waste at source according to the Law on Environmental Protection as well as the city’s characteristics,” said Mr. Hieu. .
Districts and districts proposed that the city need to convert garbage collection vehicles to suit the current reality. Photo: N.CHAU
Sharing the same view, Mr. Nguyen Thanh Nguyen, Deputy Head of the Division of Natural Resources and Environment of District 1, shared: From 2021, the district has implemented a plan to separate waste at source in the area according to Decision 09. “One of the problems raised. This is a legal issue when Decision 09 was issued before the effective date of the Law on Environmental Protection 2020. Therefore, the city needs to have specific instructions for localities to implement, so that it is legally appropriate, “- Mr. Nguyen proposed.
The localities in Ho Chi Minh City assess that the classification into two categories according to Decision 09 brings more convenience to the people and to the garbage collection, transportation and treatment unit. At the same time, this garbage classification is also suitable for waste treatment technology by burning waste to generate electricity instead of burying that the city is aiming for.
Invest in garbage collection facilities
Prof. Dr. Le Thanh Hai, Director of the Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (National University of Ho Chi Minh City), shared: In the past 20 years, there have been many projects testing waste separation at source in Ho Chi Minh City. However, these projects are just the beginning to encourage people to separate waste at source.
Therefore, for waste segregation at source to be effective, we must develop large-scale recycling and reuse networks. This means that when sorting garbage, we must know where this garbage goes, where it goes to be effective.
“Incinerating waste to generate electricity is necessary for developed cities. Renewable energy obtained from different sources is needed. Ho Chi Minh City generates more than 9,000 tons of waste every day, the power source from here will be huge. If we burn waste without sorting it, it will lose heat, difficult to burn or recover heat,” said Prof. Dr. Le Thanh Hai.
From the perspective of garbage collectors, Mr. Pham Van Khanh, Director of District 5 Environmental Cooperative, said that: There should be synchronization from policies, guiding documents and consensus of the owner. waste sources and collectors. Besides, it is necessary to subsidize plastic bags so that people as well as garbage collectors see its value.
“I think nylon should be handled by buying it at a high price so that people can sort it out for sale. If people have not classified, then grasping from the economic problem, the garbage collectors who see the value of nylon will also classify them very well, “- Mr. Khanh said.
Regarding the means of collection, Mr. Nguyen Hoang Hung, Vice Chairman of the People’s Committee of Tan Thoi Nhat Ward (District 12), said: In order to be more efficient in sorting waste at source, it is first to convert vehicles for waste collection. Fit.
“Previously, when we were doing garbage classification, we also encountered many shortcomings, especially in the collection work, some households had classified it, but there were a few collection units that did not have enough means and equipment to collect the waste. according to the correct classification that are often grouped together. Since then, the classification of garbage is not effective” – Mr. Hung shared.•
Waiting for classification instructions from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
According to Ho Chi Minh City Department of Natural Resources and Environment, the Law on Environmental Protection in 2014 does not specify how many types of domestic waste are classified at source. Therefore, in the period 2016-2020, the city will pilot the classification of domestic solid waste in accordance with the city’s treatment technology.
Garbage collectors sort after collection. Photo: N.CHAU
The Law on Environmental Protection 2020 takes effect from January 1, 2022, in which specific regulations on domestic solid waste are classified into three types, the implementation schedule is until December 31, 2024.
Currently, MONRE is developing technical guidelines for classifying domestic solid waste to guide localities to uniformly apply. After the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has written instructions, the Department of Natural Resources and Environment will advise and submit to the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City a specific implementation schedule to ensure the classification of domestic waste according to regulations.